Ayora Asociados
Legal framework

The private detective figure in Spain, is regulated by the Private Security law 23/1992 dated 30th July, as well as the royal bylaw 2364/1994 and the Ministry of Justice of 07 July 1995.

The functions of the private detective appear written in the article 19 of mentioned Private Security law.

The private detectives, as per requirement of person or company, will deal with:

  • Acquiring and retrieving information and evidence about private behaviour and facts.
  • Investigation of offences that may be prosecuted on the request of the affected party only and ordered by the authorised parties during the criminal process. Vigilance in fairs, Hotels, exhibitions or similar places.



The Law of Civil Procedures, in article 265.15, describes the validity of the investigation report provided by the private detective:

Every lawsuit or dispute must be accompanied by, amongst others:

The report, elaborated by professionals of private investigation that are legally authorised, about relevant facts on which they support their subject of suit. On these facts, if they were not recognised as veritable, attesting evidence will be practiced.


Private detectives are

Means of evidence, of habitual use and, on occasions, an instrument given exclusivity for the efficient control by the business person over the demandable duties of the worker” (Supreme Court, sentence of 6th November 1990).

Logically, the testimony given by private detectives, in favour of its veracity, not only the guarantee of demandable professionalism and, in principal also presumable, in a profession that is legally regalement, but also in that, undeniably, it provides the precise and continued dedication to the object of the ulterior testimony to be given and the complementary graphic and sound accreditations that usually accompany it (Supreme Court, sentence of 6th November 1990).

The court for administrative suits of the Supreme Court considers it to be legal that a public organism contacts private detectives to investigate its civil servants during their working time and that this does not breach their right of privacy”. (Supreme Court, sentence of 12th May 1998).

Contact our private investigators now to see how we can help you.
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Garrigues St., Nr 1 - door 20 (Next to Valencia Town Hall)
46001 Valencia Spain

Ph: +34 963 106 521
Fax: +34 963 106 522